venerdì 24 ottobre 2014

Giardino Botanico Appenninico Campo Felice Lucoli (Abruzzo) is included in the survey panel for European Arctic and Alpine Botanic Gardens

I giardini botanici alpini d'Europa

Alpine and Arctic Botanical Gardens are an extraordinary set of gardens, with their own history, outstanding collections, and specific challenges. To share knowledge and experiences within their field, the first Congress of Alpine and Arctic Botanical Gardens (“AABG I”) was held in Lautaret in 2006. In 2009, Munich proudly hosted the second congress (“AABG II”).
With the help of a private donation, Munich Botanic Garden has prepared a map of Arctic and Alpine Botanic Gardens in Europe. 66 gardens met the criteria for inclusion: 44 gardens at high altitudes (>1200 m a.s.l.); 5 gardens near the Polar Circle (>64°N); 17 gardens neither in high altitudes nor near the Polar Circle, but dedicated exclusively to alpine and arctic plant species. With 25 alpine botanic gardens, Italy holds the greatest number and one is in Lucoli (AQ): the Giardino Botanico Appenninico Campo Felice.

Crocus vernus in Campo Felice Garden - Photo R. Soldati
The panel will be available as pdf-download for the whole community of Arctic and Alpine Botanic Gardens.
One of the conclusions of the previous conference in Lautaret in 2006 was that a hardware table, which gives a survey of all the Alpine and Arctic Botanic Gardens (AABG) in Europe, would be an attractive tool for every garden and would contribute to mutual publicity.
Munich Botanic Garden prepared this panel, with the financial support of a private sponsor and the patience of Christine Freitag for the layout. It was distributed during the 2009 conference as a pdf-file, so that each garden can adjust the size of the panel to its conditions. For the whole AABG community the panel is now also available as a download from the Lautaret webpage (http://sajf.ujf-grenoble.fr/).

Criteria for the selected gardens 
To compile the list of gardens to be displayed on the panel, selective criteria for an AABG had to be agreed. Of course an AABG has to fulfill the general definition of a Botanic Garden, given by by BGCI (Wyse-Jackson 1999):

“A botanic garden is an institution holding documented collections of living plants for the purposes of scientific research, conservation, display and education.”

But many Botanic Gardens hold alpine collections interalia. Therefore the definition of an AABG was narrowed further to those gardens, which are:
• located in high altitudes; >1.200 m a.s.l., or
• located near the polar circle; >64°N, or 64 Networking
• dedicated exclusively to alpine and arctic plants

Of an estimated total of 2.500 Botanic Gardens worldwide, probably far fewer than 100 meet these criteria. In the current survey for Europe a total of 67 AABGs were registered. 45 of them are in high altitudes, 5 near the polar circle, and 17 are neither in high altitudes nor near the polar circle, but their collections are are restricted to alpine and arctic plant species. 
Layout of the panel
During the selection of the Botanic Gardens for the table, it soon became clear that there would be little space to list more than the mere names. So it was decided that the aim of the table should be to give an idea of the overall distribution of European AABG. For each garden only basic information should be given, such as name, country, elevation, and rough location.
The panel’s size is 88 x 63 cm and displays the AABG distribution on a physical map of Europe, with a magnification of the Alps region. A short introduction in four languages (English, German, French, Italian) explains what kind of Botanic Gardens are included and where further information for the individual gardens can be found.
Country by country Italy holds the greatest number of Alpine botanic Gardens with 25. It is followed by Austria (12) and Switzerland (10).

Italy
Giardino Botanico Alpino ”Saussurea” Courmayeur (Val d’Aosta), 2.180 m
Giardino Botanico Alpino ”Paradisia” Parco Nazionale Gran Paradiso (Val d’Aosta), 1.700 m
Giardino di Castel Savoia Gressoney Saint-Jean (Val d’Aosta), 1.350 m
Giardino Botanico Alpino “Fum Bitz” Parco Val Sesia (Piemonte), 1.608 m
Giardino Botanico Montano “Nostra Signora di Oropa” Santuario di Oropa (Piemonte), 1.200 m
Giardino Botanico “Alpinia” Monte Mottarone (Piemonte), 800 m
Giardino Botanico Alpino “Bruno Peyronel” Colle Barant (Piemonte), 2.290 m
Giardino Botanico Alpino “Valderia” Terme di Valdieri (Piemonte), 1.370 m
Giardino Botanico Prealpino “Ruggero Tomaselli” Cima Campo dei Fiori (Lombardia), 1.226 m
Giardino Botanico Alpino “Rezia” Bormio (Lombardia); 1.350 - 1.420 m
Giardino Botanico Alpino ”Viotte” Monte Bondone (Trentino), 1.540 m
Orto Botanico del Monte Baldo Monte Baldo (Veneto), 1.230 m
Giardino Botanico Alpino “San Marco” Monte Pasubio (Veneto), 1.040 m
Giardino Botanico Alpino Monte Corno Monte Corno (Veneto), 1.350 m
Giardino Botanico Alpino “Antonio Segni” Monte Civetta (Veneto), 1.714 m
Giardino Botanico delle Alpi Orientali Monte Faverghera (Veneto), 1.500 -1.600 m
Giardino Botanico Alpino “Giangio Lorenzoni”Pian del Cansiglio (Veneto), 1.000 m
Giardino Botanico Alpino di Pietra Corva Monte Pietra di Corvo (Lombardia), 930 m
Giardino Botanico Alpino “Esperia” Monte Cimone (Emilia Romagna), 1.500 m
Orto Botanico “Pania di Corfino“ Piè Magnano (Toscana), 1.370 m
Orto Botanico delle Alpi Apuane “Pietro Pellegrini“ Pian della Fioba (Toscana), 900 m
Giardino Botanico Alpino di Campo Imperatore Gran Sasso (Abruzzo); 2.110 m
Giardino della Flora Appenninica di Capracotta Capracotta (Molise), 1.550 m
Giardino Botanico “Nuova Gussonea“
https://sajf.ujf-grenoble.fr/sites/sajf/files/pdf/ProceedingsMunich2009.pdf

Author's note
Currently, the Botanical Garden lives in a state of neglect. Could not have an institutional role that would allow it to be asked for advice in the area of environmental impact. The botanical garden was not cured by the institutions. Since its inception, has been flooded with all kinds of environmental destruction for which no one has ever asked if it was compatible coexistence. Unfortunately, the entire plateau of Campo Felice, is subject to environmental abuses in the name of tourism. 
Our Association complaint, since it was born, all kinds of environmental damage committed also fighting against the common callousness.
Photo by "Un Giardino in diretta"
Photo by "Un Giardino in diretta"
Photo by "Un Giardino in diretta"
http://giardinoindiretta.blogspot.it/2014/07/giardino-botanico-appenninico-di-campo.html

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